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What is PVC ?
Why PVC ?
PVC Window Products

    l---Casement Windows

    l---Arched Windows

    l---French Windows

    l---Sliding Windows

    l---Hooper Windows

    l---Pivot Windows

    l---Round Windows

PVC Door Products
    l---Tilt and Turn Doors
    l---Tilt and Slide Doors
    l---Folding Doors
    l---French Doors
    l---Tilt and Turn French Doors
    l---Residental Doors
PVC Profiles
    l---Dorado
    l---Carina
    l---Vela
Handles
Espagnolettes
Glasses
    l---Brands
          l---Classic ISICAM
          l---ISICAM
          l---ISICAM Konfor
          l---ISICAM Sinerji
          l---LAMEKS
          l---TRC Ecosol
          l---TRC Ecotherm
          l---Noise Control Glasses
    l---Performance Table
    l---Functions
          l---Heat Control
          l---Solar Control
          l---Heat & Solar Control
          l---Noise Control
          l---Safety And Security
          l---Fire Protection
    l---Glazing
    l---Double Glazing
    l---Triple Glazing

Environment Friendly

 

 

 

 

General information about upvc,pvc,pvc-u and vinyl:

PVCu (or Vinyl if you are from the USA)

This is an excellent, highly insulate material, which benefits from little or no external maintenance. It is readily available and well tested and is usually the lowest cost option of all three materials. It is mainly seen in white but also available in Mahogany and Oak woodgrain styles. PVCu is by far the most popular material for windows and doors today.

There are many well-proven PVCu extrusions available. Problems with discoloration are virtually unheard of and most suppliers will warrant against this. The design of the windows varies from company to company. Here are a few of the main points. You may like to raise them with your supplier.

Internal or Externally glazed windows

Most PVCu systems will now give you this option. As a generalisation Internally beaded windows (where the glass is held in from the inside) are considered more secure and burglar resistant. That said there are a lot of satisfactory externally beaded PVCu systems about - many of which feature either internal wedge gaskets or a "double sided" tape which holds the external bead firmly in place. You should investigate this particular issue with your supplier.

Thickness of PVCu walling?

Most PVCu systems for window and door construction are "multi-walled" with internal reinforcement by means of either Aluminium or Galvanised Steel box section. Wall thickness can vary from system to system - most are around 3 - 3.5 mm thickness. Generally speaking the "thicker" the walling - the stronger the section. Ask your supplier for an example section and enquire if the frames are fully reinforced. Note also that the greater the number of internal walls - the greater the strength.

Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely-used plastic. In terms of revenue generated, it is one of the most valuable products of the chemical industry. Globally, over 50% of PVC manufactured is used in construction. As a building material, PVC is cheap and easy to assemble. In recent years, PVC has been replacing traditional building materials such as wood, concrete and clay in many areas. Despite appearing to be an ideal building material, concerns have been raised about the costs of PVC to the natural environment and human health.

There are many uses for PVC. As a hard plastic, it is used as vinyl siding, magnetic stripe cards, window profiles, gramophone records (which is the source of the name for vinyl records), pipe, plumbing and conduit fixtures. It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. In this form, it is used in clothing and upholstery, and to make flexible hoses and tubing, flooring, roofing membranes, and electrical cable insulation. The material is often used for pipelines in the water and sewer industries because of its inexpensive nature and flexibility.

 

History
Polyvinyl chloride was accidentally discovered on at least two different occasions in the 19th century, first in 1835 by Henri Victor Regnault and in 1872 by Eugen Baumann. On both occasions, the polymer appeared as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. In the early 20th century, the Russian chemist Ivan Ostromislensky and Fritz Klatte of the German chemical company Griesheim-Elektron both attempted to use PVC in commercial products, but difficulties in processing the rigid, sometimes brittle polymer blocked their efforts.

In 1926, Waldo Semon of B.F. Goodrich developed a method to plasticize PVC by blending it with various additives. The result was a more flexible and more easily processed material that soon achieved widespread commercial use.
Applications

Electric wires
PVC is commonly used as for the insulation on electric wires; the plastic used for this purpose needs to be plasticized. In a fire, PVC-coated wires can form HCl fumes; the chlorine serves to scavenge free radicals and is the source of the material's fire retardance. However, these (intentional) fumes can also pose a health hazard in their own right. Frequently in applications where smoke is a major hazard (notably in tunnels) PVC-free LSOH (low smoke, zero halogen) cable insulation is used.

Pipes
Polyvinylchloride is also widely used for producing pipes. About 90% of all PVC pipes are used for drainage and for protecting/containing cables in buildings.

Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (uPVC)

Modern "Tudorbethan" house with uPVC gutters and downpipes, fascia, decorative imitation "half-timbering", windows and doors.uPVC is often used in the building industry as a low maintenance material, particularly in the UK, and in the USA where it is known as vinyl.[2][3]. The material comes in a range of colours and finishes, including a photo-effect wood finish, and is used as a substitute for painted wood, most obviously for window frames and sills when installing double glazing in new buildings or to replace older single glazed windows. It has many other uses including fascia, and siding or weatherboarding. The same material has almost entirely replaced the use of cast iron for plumbing and drainage, being used for waste pipes, drainpipes, gutters and downpipes,[4]

Due to environmental concerns[5] use of PVC is discouraged by some local authorities[6] and in countries such as Germany and The Netherlands.

Background
Vinyl is often referred to as the "infrastructure plastic," and with good reason. More than half of all vinyl produced annually in the United States is used to manufacture construction or furnishing products, and more vinyl is used in construction than any other plastic. Vinyl is used so widely in the construction industry because of its durability, easy installation and cost-effectiveness. What's more, the chlorine content in vinyl makes it inherently flame resistant.

Savings
A 1996 study comparing the economics of vinyl building products to "traditional" materials found significant cost savings in using vinyl products. For instance, taking into account installation costs and maintenance for 20 years, the study found that vinyl siding costs are 51% of cedar textured plywood siding, 64% of aluminium siding and 37% of brick. In addition, one 3'x4' wood double-hung window costs about 10% more than its vinyl counterpart, raising the bill for new windows by over $650 for an average home (15 windows).

By choosing vinyl over "traditional" building materials, there are also continued cost savings over the life of the home or building. Vinyl is virtually maintenance-free which means there is no worry about costly repairs, painting, or replacing the product just a few short years after installation.

Figure 1. Typical construction costs for vinyl versus other materials

Energy Efficiency
Vinyl is also highly energy efficient. A 1991 study conducted by Franklin Associates found that the use of vinyl in eight major building applications - including vinyl flooring, pipe and siding - saves an estimated 260 trillion BTUs per year - the equivalent of 44.2 million barrels of oil, or 260 billion cubic feet of natural gas.

Versatility
That's what makes vinyl a material of choice in the construction industry: versatility and design flexibility. If you're building or designing an office park or educational facility, consider vinyl wall coverings, piping systems or windows. If it's a hospital or sports complex you're working on, try commercial-grade vinyl flooring. If you're remodeling a home or a church, look into vinyl siding and exterior trim. Or if you're a residential architect or builder, investigate vinyl patio doors, decking, fencing and garage doors.

There's a place for vinyl in nearly every project - as long as you require products that are easy-to-maintain, durable and attractive. Inherent in the vinyl manufacturing process is the ability to formulate products in virtually any color and with any number of performance qualities - including UV stabilization, flame retardance, impact resistance and flexibility - and in virtually any size, shape or thickness.

Durability
By specifying and installing a durable, low-maintenance vinyl product, getting more than just cost savings. Homeowners can have a white picket fence, siding or garage door without ever having to paint them. Healthcare facilities managers can rest assured that vinyl flooring and wallcoverings in their hospitals will be easy to clean and sterilize, even in trauma areas. And building managers can feel safe knowing that vinyl wire sheathing and conduit will resist damage and won't overheat, preventing a possible fire.

In outdoor applications such as siding, windows and fencing, vinyl has been subjected to demanding testing to make sure that it can endure exposure to hot sun, snow, hail and other weather conditions. Indoors, vinyl flooring and wall coverings are made to withstand regular foot traffic and spills and stains of all sorts. And behind the walls and underground, vinyl electric conduit and pipe resist corrosion and other damage, even in the toughest conditions.

Not only is vinyl durable and easy-to-maintain, but it is also inherently fire resistant. Vinyl typically resists ignition and limits flame spread, which could prevent a fire from starting or contain its scope. Like all carbon-based materials, however, vinyl will burn when exposed to certain conditions and should be installed according to local building codes.

Fig 2. Installation and maintenance comparisons for construction materials

Environmental Performance
If you and your colleagues have a particular interest in choosing "green" building materials, take a look at how vinyl compares environmentally to other products.

Vinyl's environmental performance starts with the raw materials used to make it - mostly common salt, a practically unlimited natural resource. Production of vinyl requires a smaller amount of non-renewable petroleum resources than many alternative materials, while using significantly less energy.

In fact, one study indicates that the use of vinyl in eight major building and construction applications saves an estimated 260 trillion BTU of energy per year - the equivalent of 44.2 million barrels of oil. Vinyl's superior durability also saves resources, since it reduces the need for frequent replacement - and disposal - of worn-out products. And when used in window profiles, vinyl can save additional energy - and money - by efficiently insulating homes and buildings.

When vinyl building products do reach the end of their useful lives - or when vinyl scrap is generated at the construction site - the material can be recycled and reused in other building products, such as drainage pipe, windows, flooring, exterior accessories and fencing, or used in other applications, like traffic cones, parking stops or retaining walls. Programs are currently in operation to recycle vinyl building products.

Construction Applications
In the construction market, vinyl is used for:

· Siding

· Water distribution

· Irrigation and sewer pipe

· Wire and cable insulation

· Electrical conduit

· Floor and wall coverings

· Window frames

· Gutters and downspouts

· Single-ply roofing

· Landfill liners

· Piping used in food processing, chemical processing and other manufacturing

· Fire-sprinkler piping

· Fencing

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